In pursuance of the National Action Plan of the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), Bangalore, for performance evaluation, assessment and accreditation, and quality up-gradation of institutions of higher education, the NAAC proposes that every accredited institution establish an Internal Quality Assurance Cell (IQAC) as a post-accreditation quality sustenance measure. Since quality enhancement is a continuous process, the IQAC will become a part of an institution’s system and work towards realizing the goals of quality enhancement and sustenance. The prime task of the IQAC is to develop a system for conscious, consistent, and catalytic improvement in the performance of institutions. The IQAC will make a significant and meaningful contribution to the post-accreditation phase of institutions. During the post-accreditation period, the IQAC will channelize the efforts and measures of an institution towards academic excellence.


Some of the functions expected of the IQAC are:

  • Development and application of quality benchmarks/parameters for various academic and administrative activities of the institution
  • Facilitating the creation of a learner-centric environment conducive to quality education and faculty maturation to adopt the required knowledge and technology for participatory teaching and learning process
  • Arrangement for feedback response from students, parents and other stakeholders on quality-related institutional processes
  • Dissemination of information on various quality parameters of higher education
  • Organization of inter and intra institutional workshops, seminars on quality related themes and promotion of quality circles
  • Documentation of the various programmes/activities leading to quality improvement
  • Acting as a nodal agency of the Institution for coordinating quality-related activities, including adoption and dissemination of best practices
  • Development and maintenance of institutional database through MIS for the purpose of maintaining/enhancing the institutional quality
  • Development of Quality Culture in the institution
  • Preparation of the Annual Quality Assurance Report (AQAR) as per guidelines and parameters of NAAC, to be submitted to NAAC

Objective of the IQAC

  1. To develop a system for conscious, consistent and catalytic action to improve the academic and administrative performance of the institution
  2. To promote measures for institutional functioning towards quality enhancement through internalization of quality culture and institutionalization of best practices

The basic strategies

S. No



Mechanism or procedure to achieve the goal


Ensuring timely, efficient and progressive performance of academic, administrative and financial tasks

1. Academic 


i. Transparency in admission procedures

ii. Examination reforms (at college level)

iii. Establishing a Pro-student environment

iv. Creation of infrastructure for the benefit of the students

v. Establishment of book banks in each Departments to cater to the needs of the Postgraduate students. This will not just lessen the workload of the college library, but in turn will create space for the books to be procured in future. Also, such facility could provide greater accessibility to the reference texts to the postgraduate students.

vi. Institutionalizing – 

a. Students’ forum or association in each department, which will act as a medium for solving the students’ issues vis-à-vis the teaching faculty; for holding co-curricular activities throughout the academic session on a periodic basis. This forum should also be encouraged to invite resource persons to give talk on issues of relevance. It is further envisioned that a periodic meeting with such forum be held from time to time.

b. Career counselling be held on aperiodic basis, both at the department level, as well as collectively at college-level.

c. Upkeep of individual staff profile, as per the IQAC format

d. An annual assessment of each department should be carried out- based on the following broad criteria:

  • Maintenance of the records- say, attendance register, records related to syllabi covered, creation of pro-student environment.
  • Maintenance and upkeeping of the infrastructure
  • Students’ achievements
  • Number of research scholars enrolled, and those awarded their Ph. Ds
  • Research publications (UGC-mandated), evaluated on the basis of SCI (and like)
  • Research projects, etc.

The department scoring highest be awarded a trophy (on a running basis)

e. Routine upkeep of the College website, at least on a monthly basis.

f. Each department should identify ‘what good practices they undertake’ at their department level.

2. Administrative:


i. Documentation and digitalization of the records. Towards this few (2-3) individuals from the working staff, and well-versed with computer should be engaged.

ii. Periodic assessment of the working of each staff member should be carried out.

iii. Good workers should be appreciated, recognized for their efforts, and thus felicitated.

3. Financial tasks:

i. Documentation, digitalization, and upkeeping of the financial records

ii. Checks for transparent utilization of the grants-in aid, or finances.

iii. A uniform and unbiased utilization of the finances, which should be more on priority-basis, and pro-student in approach, and then pro-person. 

iv. Evaluation of the utilization of finances on a half-yearly basis to measures checks and balances 


Relevant and quality academic/research programmes  

1. Research Guidance


i. Periodic assessment of the progress of research conducted by research scholars- on a faculty basis (Sciences, Arts, Commerce)

ii. Research cell should mandatorily evaluate the Ph. D thesis for plagiarism content. Before the same is finally submitted with the parent university.

iii. Each such research scholar should present his/her work to a selected audience (preferably of research scholars, and teaching faculty); such research scholar should infact put across an invitation to interested parties, before-hand.

2. Publications:


i. An obligatory and mandatory requirement be instituted that publication of research findings be published in Only reviewed and UGC-recognized journals with citation Index.

ii. A faculty member receiving the maximum number of citations for his published work should be felicitated.

iii. Faculty members should also be encouraged to publish their findings in periodicals, including newspapers for the benefit of society at large.  

3. Student merit (overall): 

i. Students’ individual achievements should be appreciated at college-level, and such students should be felicitated. These may include the 

  • CSIR-UGC-NET, SLET, GATE qualifiers
  • Ph. D 
  • Excellence in Sports, NCC, etc
  • An excellence certificate from the principal to every student who scores distinction in their final year examination.

ii. Documentation of the student achievement, progression, placement, etc should be undertaken every 2-3 months (mandatory)

iii. Department-wise, meritorious students should be facilitated annually.


Equitable access to and affordability of academic programmes for various sections of society

1. Extension:


i. Faculty members should be encouraged to extend their expertise locally, or at the state-level. Such extension work should be duly certified and signed officially by the body/institution to which the expertise is extended.

ii. In this effort, the ‘Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) and the Alumni Association should act as catalyst.  

iii. To begin with each department should at least hold two extension activities annually 

2. Collaborative effort across the faculties; as well as across institutions


i. Lack of basic infrastructure should not be an excuse, where the expertise and infrastructure could be extended by the other faculty or a member to the research scholar. Towards this, a collaborative effort between the faculties should be instituted. For example, the resources available with the Department of Psychology could be better optimized by the Department of B. Ed, or Education, OR, similarly, the expertise and knowledge-base of the department of computer could be optimally used by other faculty. Such collaborative efforts between two faculties should be appreciated, and maintained.

ii. Emphasis should be on seeking mandatory MoUs with other academic/research institutes towards optimising the resource use- both human and infrastructure. Research projects could be presently jointly offering guideship or co-guideship to such experts from outside.

3. Cells to address the issues of the SC/ST/OBC or minorities


i. Different cells, already established within the premises, should be activated; and efforts should be made, where special provisions are extended to the SC/ST/OBC or minorities students. Efforts made should be brought to the notice of such groups.

ii. Records of such efforts- which could be extended in the form of the following;

  • Conduction of supplementary classes
  • Conduction of classes for preparation of competitive exams
  • Career counselling 

4. Scholarships, etc

i. Scholarships for SC/ST/OBC and minorities students, as well as for economically backward students

ii. Special provision for waiving-off the admission, examination fees, etc.

iii. Extending scholarship to students scoring distinction in their annual examination


Optimization and integration of modern methods of teaching and learning

1. Dissemination of basic knowledge of working of computer, PPT, (to start with PG students)


i. All the Postgraduate students should be made to present a PPT presentation every semester, and evaluated.

ii. Workshops should be organised, where the facilities available with the Department of Computer Sciences could be extended. However, to start with the student’s enrolment for such workshops will be on voluntary basis. The number of workshops would then be increased as per the workload, and accessibility to the faculty. A minimum amount of financial support should be extended to the department for organizing such workshop/s.

iii. Efforts could be made to establish a digital library for the benefit of the research scholars to begin with, and then extended to the Postgraduate students, with time.  

2. Installation of DLP projectors, wall screens in every department


i. Already a number of departments have Computer, and the minimum accessories in the form of DLP and wall screens. Departments, not in possession should be provided Computer and DLPs on priority basis, with teaching faculty encouraged to make use of the same. 


The credibility of assessment and evaluation process

1. Transparency in evaluation process


i. For example, the students’ project work or assignments, after being evaluated should be shared with the student, with inputs how he/she can improve upon his/her work. 

ii. The marks allocated should be based on the work accomplished.

iii. Each faculty should strive to share his/her views about how the assignment or the project work could be qualitatively enhanced to the students.

2. Records-up keeping


i. Evaluation in the form of marks should be maintained with each department, semester-wise.

ii. Marks obtained by students in their semester examination should invariably be kept with the department- both in hardcopy as well as saved in computer.

iii. Periodic assessment of the progress made by students- semester-wise (to start with PG students).


Ensuring the adequacy, maintenance and proper allocation of support structure and services 

Optimization of space and creation of internal infrastructure

i. With limited area, and with no further provision of creation of infrastructure vis-à-vis new structure, the only alternative is to optimise the space already available with, without compromising the aesthetic value of the campus.

ii. Where its feasible to raise the present structures-vertically, efforts should be made for establishing/constructing such structures.

iii. An equitable distribution of space and infrastructure should be made based primarily on- 

  • strength of the enrolled students, and
  • number of papers taught
  • lab. based syllabi

iv. Efforts should be made for provisioning a separate room for teaching staff. Similarly for the accessory staff, too.

v. Provisions- such as 

  • Adequate supply of water,  
  • Refresh rooms, and
  • (c) Aquaguard should be provided for each department

Sharing of research findings and networking with other institutions in India and abroad

1. Encouraging collaborative research; MoUs with different academic and research Institutes

i. Teaching faculty should be encouraged to go-in for research projects, as well as collaborative research and sign MoU with different research/academic institutes.  

2. Extension of the expertise


i. Expertise available with each teaching faculty, as well as the infrastructure available (at the department-level) should be extended; with research publications authored by number of individual across different institutes, with each individual contributing his/her share of inputs. All this enhances the quality and content of the published work.

3. Research findings to be shared with other institutes or government bodies

i. Publications should be shared with institutes- both at the state-level, as well as National-level (if feasible, or possible).

ii. Efforts should be made that research findings, after the due publication has been carried out, should be shared with media- both newspapers, as well as with visual media.


IQAC will facilitate/contribute: 

  • Ensure heightened level of clarity and focus in institutional functioning towards quality enhancement
  • Ensure internalization of the quality culture
  • Ensure enhancement and coordination among various activities of the institution and institutionalize all good practices
  • Provide a sound basis for decision-making to improve institutional functioning
  • Act as a dynamic system for quality changes in HEIs
  • Build an organised methodology of documentation and internal communication